Major depression is a severe depression that can incapacitate those who are suffering. People with major depression find it difficult or impossible to do normal daily activities, such as working, studying, sleeping, and eating. Furthermore, those who have had one episode of major depression are at high risk of having another.
What is Major Depression?
Major depression is also known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression. It is one of the forms of depression that has the most severe symptoms. Major depression can rise in bouts and last for a long period of time, significantly affecting quality of life in all areas.
Major depression can be triggered by a loss of a loved one, social isolation, major life changes, trauma as a result of abuse, or conflicts in personal relationships. Major depression symptoms include loss of interest in activities or relationships that used to be enjoyable, fatigue and loss of energy, insomnia or excessive sleeping, recurring thoughts of suicide or death, and significant weight loss or gain. With major depression, these symptoms are typically present for more than two weeks.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, three million adolescents aged 12 to 17 have at least one major depressive episode annually. This equals 12.5 percent of the US population in this age range. In addition, teens with severe cases of depression are at increased risk of suicide. Thus, early diagnosis and treatment of major depression is vital in order to save teens’ lives.